The holy month of Ramadan is a very special time for Muslims around the world. It is a time for fasting, prayer, and reflection, as well as increasing closeness to Allah SWT. However, one of the most fascinating aspects of Ramadan is how its celebrations reflect the rich diversity of cultures and languages in different parts of the world. In this article, we will explore how the holy month of Ramadan is celebrated in different languages and cultures, highlighting the unity in this beautiful diversity.

1. Indonesia: “Puasa” and the Tradition of ” Breaking the Fast Together”

In Indonesia, the month of Ramadan is known as “puasa”. One of the most prominent traditions is “breaking the fast together,” where people gather to break their fast together at the call to maghrib. The variety of food served reflects the richness of local culture, from ta’jil such as kolak and iced fruit, to main dishes such as rendang and taliwang chicken. The Indonesian language, with its diversity, binds Muslim communities across the archipelago, uniting them in spirit and prayer.

2. Middle East: Arabs and the Custom of “Iftar”

In Middle Eastern countries, this holy month is known as “Ramadan” in Arabic. “Iftar,” or breaking the fast, is a much-anticipated moment, where family and friends gather to enjoy a rich and varied meal. From korma to baklava, food is not only a means of sharing happiness but also tradition and culture. Arabic, with its beautiful calligraphy, often adorns invitations and decorations, adding to the sacred nature of Ramadan.

3. Turkey: “Ramazan” and the Joy of “İftar”

In Turkey, this month is called “Ramazan,” and the moment of breaking the fast is known as “İftar.” Unique traditions such as playing “davulcu” drums to wake people up for suhoor add to the uniqueness of Ramadan in Turkey. Turkish society values togetherness and hospitality, often inviting neighbors and people in need to break their fast together. The Turkish language, with its rich nuances, carries stories and prayers that echo through the Ramadan call to prayer and nasyid.

4. India and Pakistan: “Roza” and the Joy of “Iftar”

In India and Pakistan, the holy month is known as “Roza,” and breaking the fast is called “Iftar.” Both countries have very rich culinary traditions of Ramadan, from samosas and pakora to haleem and biryani. The Urdu and Hindi languages, with their Ramadan poetry and songs, add spiritual and cultural richness. This diversity reflects unity in diversity, where different communities and languages come together in a common spirit.

5. Malaysia and Singapore: “Puasa” and the Uniqueness of “Iftar”

In Malaysia and Singapore, the month of Ramadan is also known as the time of “puasa”. “Iftar” traditions in both countries reflect the influence of Malay, Chinese and Indian cultures, with dishes such as bubur lambuk, satay and kuih-muih. The Malay language, with its gentleness and friendliness, is the bridge that connects different ethnicities and cultures in a harmonious celebration.

The holy month of Ramadan, with all its traditions and rich culture, is a great example of how diversity can be a source of strength and unity. From Indonesia to the Middle East, and from Turkey to India, Pakistan, Malaysia and Singapore, every country and community has their own unique way of celebrating this holy month. However, despite the differences in language and culture, the essence of Ramadan remains the same: a time to introspect, draw closer to God, and share with others. It is a reminder that, while we may differ in many ways, we remain one in spirit and faith.

Ramadan teaches us about patience, togetherness, and about the power of a kind word. Keeping that spirit in mind, AEC Translation is committed to continuing to unite the world through the power of accurate and empathetic translation. May the warmth of Ramadan bring us to a deeper understanding of brotherhood and beauty in diversity.

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